Fridays as well as the 28th of Asad 19th, in leap years 18th August and the 8th Saur 28th, in leap years 27th April shall be public holidays. The first six months have 31 days, the next five thirty, and the twelfth has 29 days and 30 in leap years. Please address notes, corrections and additions to afghanCalendar –AT– gmx. The date entered written records as the beginning of the era of Zoroaster, and indeed, the Persian Empire. Traditionally it is said that the caliph Omar reintroduced the Persian calendar for tax collection purposes. The new dates were:.
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If possible include also a reference. They evolved over the centuries, but month names changed little until now. These holidays are defined in article 18 of the Afghan constitution from To offset the difference between the agricultural year and the calendar year the tax-gathering season began after the harvest the start of the araji land-tax year was delayed by one month every years.
The exact dates may vary according to the sighting of the moon.
To convert a date from the Gregorian to the Pwrsian shamsi or Hejrah-e qamari calendar one can use the following reference dates:. The holidays occur on a fixed dates and are celebrated in all Afghanistan.
A short table of year correspondences between the Persian and Gregorian calendars is provided below. It also clarified the pattern of festivities; for example, Mitrakanna or Mehregan was celebrated on Mithra day of Mithra month, and the Tiri festival Tiragan was celebrated on Tiri day of the Tiri month.
Persian Calendar 1391
In Egypt the star Sirius had significance since every years the Sothic cycle its heliacal rising just before sunrise marked the Egyptian new year and the inundation of the Nile. Archived from the original on 16 July The year of the Hejrah-e shamsi calendar was a leap year, since the year in the Gregorian calendar calsndar a leap year. Here is the calendar for —6 CE:. In the jalali calendar became the official national calendar of Persia. Although they began dating by eras, they established their own era of Zoroaster.
Afghan Calendar – Website
Era Epoch Regnal name Regnal year Year zero. The calendars from to the current year can be found in the archive. The begin of the Hejrah-e shamsi Year 1. Before Khayyam’s calendar, Norooz was not a fixed day and calndar year could fall in late winter or early spring.
The new dates were:. In all the lands where the Persian calendar was used the epagemonai were placed at the end of the year. In CE there was another double readjustment of the start of the araji year.
The sun has always been a symbol in Iranian culture and is closely related to the folklore regarding Petsian the Great. Throughout recorded history, Persians have been keen on the idea and importance of having a calendar. Twelve months of 30 days were named for festivals or activities of the pastoral year. These programs are in pesrian already installed on most computers. Four days per month were dedicated to Ahura Mazda and seven were named after the six Amesha Spentas.
The basis for state offices shall be the solar calendar Hejrah-e shamsi.
This happened throughout his reign. The relevant historical events in the calendar were verified against at least two of the following references:. The Lunar year is eleven days shorter than the solar calendar. Traditionally it is said that the caliph Omar reintroduced the Persian calendar for tax collection purposes. About years after the reform of CE, when peesian vernal equinox was starting to fall in Ardawahisht, Zoroastrians made it again coincide with nowruz by adding a second Spandarmad.
Their names for the months and days are Parthian equivalents of the Avestan ones used previously, differing slightly from the Middle Persian names used by the Sassanians. The law said that the first day of the year should be the first day of spring in “the true solar year”, “as it has been” ever so.